P5-_SDG Conf_LO (Full Paper draft)Maximizing the penetration levels of hybrid renewable energy systems in rural areas_RB1.pdf (382.6 kB)
Download file

Maximizing the penetration levels of hybrid renewable energy systems in rural areas with demand side management approaches in achieving SDGs

Download (382.6 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 08.07.2019, 09:22 by Lanre Olatomiwa, Richard BlanchardRichard Blanchard
Access to quality healthcare services is an integral part of sustainable development goals (SDGs) and reliable electricity access is a pre-requisite for improving human lives, enhancing healthcare delivery, education as well as other developmental growth within local communities. However, many rural locations far away from the grid centres have difficulties in accessing electricity, due to distance and cost of extension of grid to such areas, and this has resulted in the inability to provide basic amenities. Rural healthcare centres located in such places are unable to deliver their intended mandate, thus hindering the realization of SDG 3. Therefore, the innovative idea of this study is increasing the penetration of renewable energy technology while minimizing the cost by integrating the users’ perspective with demand side management (DSM) approaches, techno-economic analysis, and environmental impact assessment of hybrid energy system configuration, taking a health institution as the case study. To meet the considered rural healthcare facility’s initial average load demand of 20.58kWh/day, an optimum PV-Gen-battery hybrid system was selected using HOMER with cost of energy (COE) of $0.224/kWh, net present cost (NPC) of $61,917.6 and initial capital cost of $16,046.5. After the DSM measures were applied to reduce the peak and average demand, an optimum hybrid system was obtained, producing a COE of $0.166/kWh, NPC of $18,614.7 and initial capital cost of $10,070.8. The cost saving realized for the considered rural healthcare facility is $0.057/kWh, representing a 25.8% reduction from the current COE and a 70% reduction in Total NPC. On the other hand, the optimal configurations gave around a 75% reduction in CO2 emissions compare to a diesel-alone configuration. The work provides novel insights which may be applicable worldwide. It has the potential to significantly advance the development of high-quality and timely evidence to underpin current and future developments in the rural energy sector and contribute to the implementation of SDG3 and 7.

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

International Conference on Energising the SDGs through appropriate technology and governance

Citation

OLATOMIWA, L. and BLANCHARD, R.E., 2019. Maximizing the penetration levels of hybrid renewable energy systems in rural areas with demand side management approaches in achieving SDGs. Presented at the International Conference on Energising the Sustainable Development Goals through Appropriate Technology and Governance, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK, 4-5 July 2019.

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publication date

2019

Language

en

Location

DeMontfort University, Leicester, UK