Loughborough University
Meek Ison Enoch park and ride TRB 2008.pdf (90.9 kB)

Park and ride: Lessons from the UK experience

Download (90.9 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 2009-03-18, 13:30 authored by Stuart Meek, Stephen G. Ison, Marcus EnochMarcus Enoch
Park and Ride schemes using dedicated bus services have become particularly popular over the last 40 years with UK policymakers. This popularity can largely be attributed to the UK policy context and the advocating of Park and Ride to tackle increasing car use, congestion and traffic-related emissions. The aim of this paper is to use existing evidence on the degree to which this has been achieved and provide lessons on how bus-based Park and Ride can be used effectively. From this, lessons are provided that will benefit stakeholders internationally on the use of dedicated link-mode Park and Ride schemes operating at the edge of urban areas. It is found that although Park and Ride has been popular amongst motorists, it has also attracted users of existing public transport services and has generated additional trips, resulting in a counter-productive effect. It is concluded that for Park and Ride to be successful, it should be implemented in tandem with other supply-side measures and alongside sufficiently rigorous restraint instruments. Also, despite the use of frequent and dedicated bus-link services providing a key feature that attracts motorists who would not otherwise use public transport, their use needs to be carefully monitored to avoid low load-factors decreasing levels of efficiency.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering


MEEK, S., ISON, S.G. and ENOCH, M., 2008. Park and ride: Lessons from the UK experience. Transportation Research Board 87th Annual Meeting, 13-17 January 2008, Washington DC., Paper No. 08-0730


Transportation Research Board / © Stuart Meek, Stephen Ison and Marcus Enoch


  • NA (Not Applicable or Unknown)

Publication date



This is a conference paper that was peer reviewed by TRB and was presented at the Transportation Research Board 87th Annual Conference


  • en

Usage metrics

    Loughborough Publications


    Ref. manager