Park and ride: Lessons from the UK experience
conference contributionposted on 18.03.2009, 13:30 authored by Stuart Meek, Stephen G. Ison, Marcus EnochMarcus Enoch
Park and Ride schemes using dedicated bus services have become particularly popular over the last 40 years with UK policymakers. This popularity can largely be attributed to the UK policy context and the advocating of Park and Ride to tackle increasing car use, congestion and traffic-related emissions. The aim of this paper is to use existing evidence on the degree to which this has been achieved and provide lessons on how bus-based Park and Ride can be used effectively. From this, lessons are provided that will benefit stakeholders internationally on the use of dedicated link-mode Park and Ride schemes operating at the edge of urban areas. It is found that although Park and Ride has been popular amongst motorists, it has also attracted users of existing public transport services and has generated additional trips, resulting in a counter-productive effect. It is concluded that for Park and Ride to be successful, it should be implemented in tandem with other supply-side measures and alongside sufficiently rigorous restraint instruments. Also, despite the use of frequent and dedicated bus-link services providing a key feature that attracts motorists who would not otherwise use public transport, their use needs to be carefully monitored to avoid low load-factors decreasing levels of efficiency.
- Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering