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Political economy influences on enterprise engagement in Indonesia, Vietnam and Timor-Leste

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:10 authored by Juliet Willetts, J. Murta, Anna Gero, N. Carrard, D. Harris
Many factors influence the potential for enterprises to play effective roles in supporting water and sanitation services. This paper focuses on the importance of the national and local political economy in shaping what roles are possible and viable, and explores the range of forms of enterprise visible in the water and sanitation sector in Indonesia, Vietnam and Timor-Leste. Through interviews with government agencies at national and subnational levels, private and social enterprises, local and international civil society organisations and donors, this research provides a rich description of the ways in which history and the macro economy have shaped the role and perceptions of the private sector in each country, and the particular niche that small-scale enterprises in this sector currently occupy. It provides insights into the incentives that drive the behaviour of different actors, and points to the need for highly contextualised support for such enterprises in each country.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference


WILLETTS, J. ... et al, 2015. Political economy influences on enterprise engagement in Indonesia, Vietnam and Timor-Leste. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene services beyond 2015 - Improving access and sustainability: Proceedings of the 38th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 27-31 July 2015, 7pp.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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