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Public-private partnership model for WASH effectiveness

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:10 by Adam Harvey, Joel Mukanga, Johnson Waibi
Water-borne disease remains endemic despite increasing access worldwide to clean water sources. This is due to unhygienic practice, unreliability of the clean water sources (frequent breakdowns and extended repair “down-times”), and contamination during transport and storage. To address these problems, a methodology has been developed centring on financial incentive for local private sector actors operating as rural WASH service providers. A community-based management approach is adopted under which community water and sanitation committees pay for annual service contracts. The paper presents monitored data from a pilot project conducted in 2013-4 in 155 communities in five districts of rural Uganda. The conclusion is that the local incentive system developed by the pilot is producing results (more than 90% reliability is recorded), and that the monitoring and public-private partnership structures provide a strong basis for further interventions which promote full cost-recovery from consumers and improved hygiene and water quality.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference


HARVEY, A. ... et al, 2015. Public-private partnership model for WASH effectiveness. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene services beyond 2015 - Improving access and sustainability: Proceedings of the 38th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 27-31 July 2015, 6pp.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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This is a conference paper. This paper has previously been given the alternative title of "Professionalisation of local WASH actors: a public-private partnership model for WASH effectiveness".

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