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Quantification of road network vulnerability and traffic impacts to regional landslide hazards [abstract]

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conference contribution
posted on 13.06.2017, 09:07 authored by Ben Postance, John HillierJohn Hillier, Neil Dixon, Tom Dijkstra
Slope instability represents a prevalent hazard to transport networks. In the UK regional road networks are frequently disrupted by multiple slope failures triggered during intense precipitation events; primarily due to a degree of regional homogeneity of slope materials, geomorphology and weather conditions. It is of interest to examine how different locations and combinations of slope failure impact road networks, particularly in the context of projected climate change and a 40% increase in UK road demand by 2040. In this study an extensive number (>50 000) of multiple failure event scenarios are simulated within a dynamic micro simulation to assess traffic impacts during peak flow (7 – 10 AM). Possible failure locations are selected within the county of Gloucestershire (3150 km2) using historic failure sites and British Geological Survey GeoSure data. Initial investigations employ a multiple linear regression analyses to consider the severity of traffic impacts, as measured by time, in respect of spatial and topographical network characteristics including connectivity, density and capacity in proximity to failure sites; the network distance between disruptions in multiple failure scenarios is used to consider the effects of spatial clustering. The UK Department of Transport road travel demand and UKCP09 weather projection data to 2080 provide a suitable basis for traffic simulations and probabilistic slope stability assessments. Future work will thus focus on the development of a catastrophe risk model to simulate traffic impacts under various narratives of future travel demand and slope instability under climatic change. The results of this investigation shall contribute to the understanding of road network vulnerabilities and traffic impacts from climate driven slope hazards.

History

School

  • Social Sciences

Department

  • Geography and Environment

Published in

European Geosciences Union

Pages

1 - 1

Citation

POSTANCE, B. ... et al., 2015. Quantification of road network vulnerability and traffic impacts to regional landslide hazards [abstract]. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 17, abstract no.: EGU2015-3677.

Publisher

European Geophysical Union (© the authors)

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Publication date

2015

Notes

This item is an abstract of a presentation that was given at a conference.

ISSN

1607-7962;1029-7006

Language

en

Location

Vienna

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