Loughborough University
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Rotational traction behaviour of artificial turf

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conference contribution
posted on 2015-04-14, 13:54 authored by Carolyn H. Webb, Steph ForresterSteph Forrester, Paul FlemingPaul Fleming
Within artificial turf testing for player-surface interaction, traction is a key system property that needs to be measured for comfort, performance and injury risk. The purpose of this study was to modify a FIFA rotational traction test device to provide the full torque-angle time history and to use the modified device to compare the behaviour of five different football and rugby studs. A strain-gauge sensor and rotational sensor were incorporated to provide continuous measurement of the torque resistance and rotational angle throughout the rotation of the test disc. Data was collected on a standard laboratory made (3G) artificial turf surface. From the torque-angle plot, an initial high stiffness region followed by a lower stiffness region was identified and comparisons made between studs. In general, as stud length increased, the stiffness increased in both regions. Furthermore, as the stud length increased for both football and rugby studs there was a pattern of increasing peak torque but no clear trend for the peak angle. The actual foot rotation measured in subject testing is observed in general to be much smaller than the angular rotation required to produce the peak torque resistance from the mechanical testing, suggesting that the initial stiffness resistance behaviour may be a better indicator of the mechanisms involved in the traction mobilised by subjects.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Published in

10th Conference of the International-Sports-Engineering-Association ENGINEERING OF SPORT 10




853 - 858 (6)


WEBB, C., FORRESTER, S.E. and FLEMING, P.R., 2014. Rotational traction behaviour of artificial turf. Procedia Engineering, 72, pp. 853 - 858.


© Elsevier Ltd


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Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Publication date



This conference paper was published in a special issue of the journal Procedia Engineering. The issue comprises the Proceedings of the 2014 Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association: Engineering of Sport 10 held at Sheffield Hallam University on the 14th-17th July 2014. It is published by Elsevier as Open Access under a CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0 licence.




  • en


Sheffield Hallam Univ, Sheffield, ENGLAND