Loughborough University
Wiles-2780.pdf (177.7 kB)

Rural water system functionality and its determinants: a twelve-country study

Download (177.7 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 2018-02-12, 15:11 authored by Jonathan Wiles, Nathan Mallonee
This paper presents results from a 12-country study of water systems installed by Living Water International from 2001-2014. Results from a random, representative sample of 3,815 water systems indicate that 77.1% were functional, with an additional 5.8% having limited functionality. These results fall in the upper end of an expected range based on similar studies. Several factors increased the odds of water system functionality, including when water users made financial contributions to the system and whether a community used a management structure. Any type of management increased the odds of functionality, but village water committees had the largest effect. Additionally, Afridev pumps were associated with higher odds of functionality than India Mark II pumps.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

WEDC Conference


WILES, J. and MALLONEE, N., 2017. Rural water system functionality and its determinants: a twelve-country study. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Local action with international cooperation to improve and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services: Proceedings of the 40th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 24-28 July 2017, Paper 2780, 6pp.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


  • VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date



This is a conference paper.

Other identifier



  • en

Usage metrics

    WEDC 40th International Conference


    No categories selected