SORAS - a simple arsenic removal process
conference contributionposted on 2018-02-12, 15:09 authored by Martin Wegelin, Daniel Gechter, Stephan Hug, Abdullah Mahmud, Abdul Motaleb
The serious threat to the health of millions of people through consumption of arsenic-rich groundwater in Bangladesh calls for immediate action on various levels. One of these actions is be the development of a low-cost and simple arsenic removal method available to every household. The development of alternative water sources and/or the installation of larger arsenic removal units will take more time due to logistic and financial constraints. Currently existing small-scale arsenic removal procedures require chemicals that are either not easily available and/or affect water taste and odour. Solar oxidation and removal of arsenic (SORAS) is a simple method that uses irradiation of water with sunlight in PET- or other UV-A transparent bottles to reduce arsenic levels from drinking water. The SORAS method is based on photochemical oxidation of As(III) followed by precipitation or filtration of As(V) adsorbed on Fe(III)oxides as shown in Fig. 1. Groundwater in Bangladesh naturally contains Fe(II) and Fe(III) and therefore, SORAS could reduce arsenic contents and would be available to everyone at virtually no cost. It could be a water treatment method used at household level to treat small quantities of drinking water.
- Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering
- Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)