Securing DICOM images based on adaptive pixel thresholding approach
conference contributionposted on 20.04.2020, 13:04 by Qamar Natsheh, Ana SalageanAna Salagean, Eran Edirisinghe
This paper presents a novel efficient two-region Selective encryption approach that exploits medical images statistical properties to adaptively segment Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) images into regions using thresholding technique in the spatial domain. This approach uses adaptive pixel thresholding, in which thresholds for same DICOM modality, anatomy part and pixel intensities' range were extracted off-line. Then, the extracted thresholds were objectively and subjectively evaluated to select the most accurate threshold for the correspondent pixel intensities' range. In the on-line stage, DICOM images were segmented into a Region Of Interest (ROI) and a Region Of Background (ROB) based on their pixels intensities using the adopted thresholds. After that, ROI was encrypted using Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), while ROB was encrypted using XXTEA. The main goal of the proposed approach is to reduce the encryption processing time overhead in comparison with the Naïve approach; where all image pixels are encrypted using AES. The proposed approach aims to achieve a trade-off between processing time and a high level of security. The encryption time of the proposed approach can save up to 60% of the Naïve encryption time for DICOM images with small-medium ROI.
- Computer Science