Shangwa_A_-_232.pdf (507.32 kB)
Download file

Teaching ecological sanitation in a school environment in Zimbabwe

Download (507.32 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:09 by Annie Shangwa, Peter R. Morgan
This paper reports on a pilot study being carried out at the Chisungu Primary School, Harare, Zimbabwe, where children are taught the basics of ecological sanitation and hygiene in class and then taught how to build a range of low cost toilets. These include toilets made from bricks. The range includes simple toilets like the Arborloo (tree toilet), and also various types of VIP (Ventilated improved pit toilet). The children themselves do the construction work. In addition the children are taught the value of applying urine to food crops like green vegetables and maize in experiments undertaken in the school garden. The project is an attempt to provide a very practical and hands on approach to teaching low cost sanitation, recycling and hygiene in an environment which has enormous potential for replication. The school, with its dedicated teaching staff and an enthusiastic younger generation is perhaps one of the most ideal learning centres and dissemination points for low cost sanitation that exist.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

WEDC Conference


SHANGWA, A. and MORGAN, P., 2009. Teaching ecological sanitation in a school environment in Zimbabwe. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene - Sustainable development and multisectoral approaches: Proceedings of the 34th WEDC International Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 18-22 May 2009, 5p.p.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at:

Publication date



This is a conference paper.

Other identifier




Usage metrics