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The SHAW experience in Indonesia: The multi-stakeholder approach to sustainable sanitation and hygiene

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:10 by Pam Minnigh, M. Keijzer
Caring for sanitation is the basis of healthy living for all in the community, but in general it is an individual responsibility. From the late 1990s, the CLTS (Community Led Total Sanitation) approach showed that people can become aware of why sanitation is important for them and their communit. They can be triggered to accomplish non-subsidized actions towards an Open Defecation Free (ODF) environment. The Community Based Total Sanitation (STBM) strategy was initiated in 2008 by the Government of Indonesia (GOI). It is a “total sanitation and hygiene” approach as a next generation to CLTS. The Sanitation, Hygiene and Water (SHAW) Programme is the first in Indonesia to apply STBM at large scale and had to develop an approach to make it work. After 4 years, we reached nearly 1 million people, and a new generation of issues comes up and needs to be solved.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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MINNIGH, P. and KEIJZER, M., 2014. The SHAW experience in Indonesia: The multi-stakeholder approach to sustainable sanitation and hygiene. IN: Shaw, R.J., Anh, N.V. and Dang, T.H. (eds). Sustainable water and sanitation services for all in a fast changing world: Proceedings of the 37th WEDC International Conference, Hanoi, Vietnam, 15-19 September 2014, 7pp.


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