Toward sustainable practices in building project at Indonesian local government: a case study of construction failure and building failure (defects) in Central Java – Indonesia

Addressing building failures and defects has become as a strategic importance for the development of Indonesian Construction Industry in this decade. In the local government building projects, building failures and defects caused by various factors, notably the variations of contract value, element structures and the lack of sound document management system. These factors and others that cause and provide a significant potential for improvement building failure and defects considered unsustainable practice. This study aims to identify unsustainable practice in building projects in local government using case study approach. The cases undertaken from 34 building projects and focusing into five cases that is represent the various kind of building type. The result indicates a significant deviation until 12.61%. Furthermore, the quality of structural elements such as the roof, foundation, utilities and finishing works frequently felt below predetermined standards. The factors influencing these unsustainable practices attitudes towards government procurement system and budget limitations, lack of capacity in construction activities of local government, and violation of building control system. This research outcome also provided three proposition in accordance the goals of the study to depict the symtomps of building failure and defects.