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Upgrading of the wastewater treatment facilities at Koster

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:10 by Cyril H. Ratnam
The town of Koster was a typical apartheid town occupied by white people. After the demise of apartheid it experienced an influx of people who were disadvantaged under apartheid. They were looking for a better life and settled on the fringes of the town with no basic services. The existing wastewater treatment works was overloaded and leaking. This polluted the river catchment affecting adjacent farms. The leaking ponds were also damaging the foundation of a main road. The project prevented the pollution of the catchment area and the collapse of the road. The effluent was used for irrigation to produce animal fodder. This helped the farmer to increase the area for grazing and produce cheap milk. This has created a Public Private Partnership and stimulated local economy and job creation. People with the bucket system could not access housing grants due to lack of a proper sanitation system. After the eradication of the bucket system, housing grants could be accessed and proper houses built.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference


RATNAM, C.H., 2004. Upgrading of the wastewater treatment facilities at Koster. IN: Godfrey, S. (ed). People-centred approaches to water and environmental sanitation: Proceedings of the 30th WEDC International Conference, Vientiane, Laos, 25-29 October 2004, pp. 127-129.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


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