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Urine diverting dry toilets as appropriate adaptation to flood prone areas in cities of developing countries

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:10 by Stephane M. Lako, Emmanuel Ngnikam, Barthelemy Ndongo, Magloire Tina
Living in flood prone areas is a serious challenge for citizen in developing countries, especially in Cameroon. MAFADY Project has been working through identifying best low cost sanitation technologies so as to propose a technology suited to flooded areas of Wouri estuary in Douala. From a defined set of social, financial and technical criteria, analysis of existing sanitation technologies developed in flooded ecosystems was made, and it was found that elevated Urine diverting dry toilets were the one suitable for flood pone areas. A plastic Drum twin pit Urine Diverting Dry Toilet (DUDDT) model was designed and constructed. This paper presents: socio-economic and environmental context of the Wouri estuary, the selected criteria and design parameters, the DUDDT, and finally discuss the construction costs. From analysis, this toilet seems to feet flood prone areas, specifically in urban wetlands of developing countries.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference


LAKO, S.M. ... et al , 2015. Urine diverting dry toilets as appropriate adaptation to flood prone areas in cities of developing countries. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene services beyond 2015 - Improving access and sustainability: Proceedings of the 38th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 27-31 July 2015, 6pp.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


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