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Water desalination in the Gaza Strip: Al Salam RO brackish water desalination plant case study

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:11 by Mahmoud Shatat, K. Arakelyan, Omar Shatat, Tim Forster, Ashraf Mushtaha
Ongoing deterioration of the water supply of the Gaza strip poses a difficult challenge for water planners and sustainable management of the coastal aquifer. The aquifer is currently overexploited, with total pumping exceeding total recharge. In addition, anthropogenic sources of pollution threaten the water supplies in major urban centres. Many water quality parameters presently exceed World Health Organisation (WHO) drinking water standards. The major documented water quality problems are elevated chloride (salinity) and nitrate concentrations in the aquifer. Up to 95 per cent of Gaza’s population source their drinking water from 154 public or private producers, whose production and supply chain result in the potential contamination of up to 68% of drinking water supplies, exposing nearly 60% of the population to severe public health risks. This paper presents the details of the implementation of a medium scale brackish water desalination plant constructed in eastern Rafah – Gaza by Oxfam and its partner the Coastal Municipalities Water Utility.


The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge that this desalination project was funded by ECHO project and implemented by Oxfam GB and the Coastal Municipalities Water Utility (CMWU).



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference


SHATAT, M. ... et al, 2017. Water desalination in the Gaza Strip: Al Salam RO brackish water desalination plant case study. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Local action with international cooperation to improve and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services: Proceedings of the 40th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 24-28 July 2017, Paper 2821, 7pp.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


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