Wear in large diameter grouted connections for offshore wind energy converters
conference contributionposted on 20.11.2014, 13:56 by Paul Dallyn, Ashraf El-HamalawiAshraf El-Hamalawi, Alessandro PalmeriAlessandro Palmeri
The paper provides a critical appraisal of the events surrounding the unexpected settlement of large-diameter monopile foundations for offshore wind energy converters, and will detail experimentation that is to be undertaken to determine the extent of the wear failure mode in such structures. The potential for wear deterioration at the grout-steel interface has been caused by the lack of axial load transfer of the grout and steel and so relative movement between the grout and steel is occurring. Hence, a better understanding of this phenomenon is of key importance to determine the long term integrity of the structure. The remedial solution currently favoured within industry consists of the installation of elastomeric bearings, which however may further exasperate the wear due to its lower stiffness than steel contact currently occurring, also because of the presence of water in the grouted connection. The aim of the testing is therefore to identify the risk to offshore foundation integrity due to grout wear under conditions typically observed during life-time operation of offshore wind turbines. The main factors influencing the wear rate of grout will be identified, and the possibility to define indicators for the integrity of the grout that could be used for offshore inspection will be also considered.
- Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering
- Centre for Innovative and Collaborative Engineering (CICE)