Colon.pdf (205.39 kB)
Download file

When urban residents gather to manage their refuse: lessons from India

Download (205.39 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018, 15:08 authored by Marine Colon
This paper examines the concept of area-based organisations as a means of promoting a sustainable, integrated waste management system in Indian mega-cities. A local NGO, called EXNORA, has advocated people-centred approaches as an alternative solution for clean cities where urban municipal services are over-loaded. This has led to the formation of CIVIC EXNORAs which aim to implement a zero waste management scheme designed by Indians for the Indian context. As this model has been widely quoted as successful, the study aimed at learning from two communities implementing this model. Field studies reveal that they face many problems, which prevent them from impacting effectively on the overall system of municipal waste management. However, their action has had a significant impact on public awareness.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

WEDC Conference


COLON, M., 2004. When urban residents gather to manage their refuse: lessons from India. IN: Godfrey, S. (ed). People-centred approaches to water and environmental sanitation: Proceedings of the 30th WEDC International Conference, Vientiane, Laos, 25-29 October 2004, pp. 71-74.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at:

Publication date



This is a conference paper.

Other identifier




Usage metrics