Loughborough University
Jones.pdf (550.17 kB)

Why traditional approaches to on-site sanitation provision are failing poor households

Download (550.17 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 2018-02-12, 15:08 authored by David Jones
Towns and cities across Africa are growing fast and poor settlements are under increasing pressure. The numbers without adequate sanitation continue to grow. Health and hygiene education and social marketing aim to address this, persuading poor communities to change behaviours and invest in household-level sanitation. However, recent BPD work on ‘sanitation partnerships’ in five African cities highlighted two worrying issues. Firstly, many urban poor are tenants rather than owners, whose incentives to invest in sanitation are weak at best. Secondly, to the detriment of many poor communities, the emptying of latrines is often overlooked. This note discusses the impact of these two issues and goes on to propose how ‘mapping the territory’ and the linkages of a ‘sanitation service’ can help external agencies. We also suggest a short checklist for those working with on-site sanitation.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

WEDC Conference


JONES, D., 2005. Why traditional approaches to on-site sanitation provision are failing poor households. IN: Kayaga, S. (ed). Maximising the benefits from water and environmental sanitation: Proceedings of the 31st WEDC International Conference, Kampala, Uganda, 31 October-4 November 2005, pp. 49-52.


© WEDC, Loughborough University


  • VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date



This is a conference paper.

Other identifier



  • en

Usage metrics

    WEDC 31st International Conference


    No categories selected