Supplementary information files for Empowering catalyst supports: A new concept for catalyst design demonstrated in the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis
Supplementary files for article Empowering catalyst supports: A new concept for catalyst design demonstrated in the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis
The Fischer–Tropsch (FT) synthesis is traditionally associated with fossil fuel consumption, but recently this technology has emerged as a keystone that enables the conversion of captured CO2 with sustainable hydrogen to energy-dense fuels and chemicals for sectors which are challenging to be electrified. Iron-based FT catalysts are promoted with alkali and transition metals to improve reducibility, activity, and selectivity. Due to their low concentration and the metastable state under reaction conditions, the exact speciation and location of these promoters remain poorly understood. We now show that the selectivity promoters such as potassium and manganese, locked into an oxidic matrix doubling as a catalyst support, surpass conventional promoting effects. La1–xKxAl1–yMnyO3−δ (x = 0 or 0.1; y = 0, 0.2, 0.6, or 1) perovskite supports yield a 60% increase in CO conversion comparable to conventional promotion but show reduced CO2 and overall C1 selectivity. The presented approach to promotion seems to decouple the enhancement of the FT and the water–gas shift reaction. We introduce a general catalyst design principle that can be extended to other key catalytic processes relying on alkali and transition metal promotion.
DSI-NRF Centre of Excellence in Catalysis c*change grant under the Synthesis Gas Programme
National Research Foundation of South Africa Grant (no. 94878)
Diamond Light Source
Royal Academy of Engineering Distinguished International Associate Programme (DIA-2021-119)