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Supplementary Information Files for 'Mechanistic Evaluation of Long-term In-stent Restenosis Based on Models of Tissue Damage and Growth'

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posted on 20.02.2020 by Ran He, Liguo Zhao, Vadim Silberschmidt, Yang Liu
Supplementary Information Files for 'Mechanistic Evaluation of Long-term In-stent Restenosis Based on Models of Tissue Damage and Growth'

Abstract:
Development and application of advanced mechanical models of soft tissues and their growth represent one of the main directions in modern mechanics of solids. Such models are increasingly used to deal with complex biomedical problems. Prediction of in-stent restenosis for patients treated with coronary stents remains a highly challenging task. Using a finite element method, this paper presents a mechanistic approach to evaluate the development of in-stent restenosis in an artery following stent implantation. Hyperelastic models with damage, verified with experimental results, are used to describe the level of tissue damage in arterial layers and plaque caused by such intervention. A tissue-growth model, associated with vessel damage, is adopted to describe the growth behaviour of a media layer after stent implantation. Narrowing of lumen diameter with time is used to quantify the development of in-stent restenosis in the vessel after stenting. It is demonstrated that stent designs and materials strongly affect the stenting-induced damage in the media layer and the subsequent development of in-stent restenosis. The larger the artery expansion achieved during balloon inflation the higher the damage introduced to the media layer, leading to an increased level of in-stent restenosis. In addition, the development of in-stent restenosis is directly correlated with the artery expansion during the stent deployment. The correlation is further used to predict the effect of a complex clinical procedure, such as stent overlapping, on the level of in-stent restenosis developed after percutaneous coronary intervention.

Funding

Smart Peripheral Stents for the Lower Extremity - Design, Manufacturing and Evaluation

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

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British Heart Foundation (Grant number: FS/15/21/31424; Title: Towards controlling the mechanical performance of polymeric bioresorbable vascular scaffold during biodegradation)

Royal Society of UK (Grant number: IE160066; Title: Evaluating the performance of additively manufactured endovascular scaffolds)

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