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Acute and chronic effects of exercise on markers of mucosal immunity

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journal contribution
posted on 05.10.2012 by Nicolette Bishop, Michael Gleeson
Decreased secretion rate of salivary markers of mucosal immunity, and in particular salivary immunoglobulin A (s- IgA), have been implicated as risk factors for subsequent episodes of respiratory infection in athletes. IgA is the predominant Ig in mucosal secretions and acts with innate mucosal defences to provide the ‘first line of defence’ against pathogens and antigens presented at the mucosa. As well as summarising the evidence concerning the effects of acute exercise and longer-term intensive training on these markers of mucosal immunity, this review explores the factors that impact upon salivary responses to exercise, such as method of saliva collection, stimulation of saliva collection and the method of reporting s-IgA data. The influence of adequate hydration and nutritional supplementation during exercise as well as exercising in extreme environmental conditions on salivary responses is also explored. Finally, the possible mechanisms underlying the acute and longer-term of effects of exercise on salivary responses are examined, with particular emphasis on the potential role of the sympathetic nervous system and the expression and mobilisation of the polymeric Ig receptor.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Citation

BISHOP, N. and GLEESON, M., 2009. Acute and chronic effects of exercise on markers of mucosal immunity. Frontiers in Bioscience, 14, pp. 4444 - 4456.

Publisher

© Frontiers in Bioscience

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publication date

2009

Notes

This article was published in the journal, Frontiers in Bioscience and the definitive version is available at:http://dx.doi.org/10.2741/3540

ISSN

1093-9946

eISSN

1093-4715

Language

en

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Keyword(s)

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