An investigation of the effect of experimental pain on logical reasoning
journal contributionposted on 17.01.2019 by Nina Attridge, Edmund Keogh, Christopher Eccleston
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Pain disrupts attention in order to prioritise avoidance of harm and promote analgesic behaviour. This could in turn have negative effects on higher-level cognitions which rely on attention. In the current paper we examined the effect of thermal pain induction on three measures of reasoning: the Cognitive Reflection Test, Belief Bias Syllogisms task, and Conditional Inference task. In Experiment 1, the thermal pain was set at each participant’s pain threshold. In Experiment 2, it was set to a minimum of 44°C or 7/10 on a VAS scale (whichever was higher). In Experiment 3, performance was compared in no pain, low intensity pain, and high intensity pain conditions. We predicted that the experience of pain would reduce correct responding on the reasoning tasks. However, this was not supported in any of the three studies. We discuss possible interpretations of our failure to reject the null hypothesis and the importance of publishing null results.
This research was funded by an unrestricted grant from Reckitt Benckiser UK Commercial Ltd to CE and EK.
- Mathematical Sciences