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Associations between sedentary behaviour and physical activity in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis

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posted on 11.02.2016 by Natalie Pearson, Rock Braithwaite, Stuart J.H. Biddle, Esther M.F. van Sluijs, Andrew J. Atkin
Physical activity and sedentary behaviour are associated with metabolic and mental health during childhood and adolescence. Understanding the interrelationships between these behaviours will help to inform intervention design. This systematic review and meta-analysis synthesized evidence from observational studies describing the association between sedentary behaviour and physical activity in young people (<18 years). English-language publications up to August 2013 were located through electronic and manual searches. Included studies presented statistical associations between at least one measure of sedentary behaviour and one measure of physical activity. One hundred sixty-three papers were included in the meta-analysis, from which data on 254 independent samples was extracted. In the summary meta-analytic model (k = 230), a small, but significant, negative association between sedentary behaviour and physical activity was observed (r = −0.108, 95% confidence interval [CI] = −0.128, −0.087). In moderator analyses, studies that recruited smaller samples (n < 100, r = −0.193, 95% CI = −0.276, −0.109) employed objective methods of measurement (objectively measured physical activity; r = −0.233, 95% CI = −0.330, −0.137) or were assessed to be of higher methodological quality (r = −0.176, 95% CI = −0.215, −0.138) reported stronger associations, although effect sizes remained small. The association between sedentary behaviour and physical activity in young people is negative, but small, suggesting that these behaviours do not directly displace one another.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Obesity Reviews

Volume

15

Issue

8

Pages

666 - 675

Citation

PEARSON, N. ... et al., 2014. Associations between sedentary behaviour and physical activity in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews, 15(8), pp. 666-675.

Publisher

© The Authors. Published by Elsevier

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Publication date

2014

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Elsevier under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

ISSN

1467-7881

Language

en

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