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Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating in trans people: a systematic review of the literature

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journal contribution
posted on 18.01.2016 by Beth Jones, Emma Haycraft, Sarah Murjan, Jon Arcelus
Body dissatisfaction plays a prominent role in gender dysphoria. In some individuals body dissatisfaction appears to manifest disordered eating in order to suppress bodily features of natal gender and accentuate features of gender identity. To date, there has been no systematic review of the literature pertaining to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating in trans individuals. Such a review may highlight important implications for clinicians working with trans people. Therefore, the aim was to critically and systematically review the available literature examining body dissatisfaction or disordered eating in a trans population, and also the literature pertaining to how body dissatisfaction and disordered eating are related in trans people. This review found three studies that explored disordered eating in trans people, five studies that explored body image and disordered eating in trans people, and 18 studies that explored body image in trans people. The findings from this review suggest that body dissatisfaction is core to the distress trans people experience and that this dissatisfaction may also put some individuals at risk of developing disordered eating. Additionally, the findings appear to suggest that gender dysphoria treatment is successful at increasing body satisfaction and improving body image. The clinical implications are discussed.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

International Review of Psychiatry

Volume

28

Issue

1

Pages

81-94

Citation

JONES, B.A. ...et al., 2016. Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating in trans people: A systematic review of the literature. International Review of Psychiatry, 28(1), pp.81-94.

Publisher

© Taylor & Francis

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date

27/08/2015

Publication date

2015-11-30

Copyright date

2016

Notes

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Review of Psychiatry on 30th Nov 2015, available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09540261.2015.1089217

ISSN

0954-0261

eISSN

1369-1627

Language

en

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