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Cash-based interventions to enhance dignity in persistent humanitarian refugee crises: a system dynamics approach

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journal contribution
posted on 06.07.2020 by Fahimeh Allahi, Saeed Taheri, Ramez Kian, Ehsan Sabet
Cash-based interventions (CBIs) as one form of aid have recently received substantial interest from humanitarian organizations in persistent humanitarian crises. This article proposes a system dynamics (SD) approach to study the CBIs’ impact factors on all aspects of the beneficiaries’ dignity in longstanding refugee crises, such as the case of Syrian refugees in Turkey. Reviewing the humanitarian management literature, we first develop a set of holistic causal loops to better understand the building boxes of refugees’ dignity and their interactions. Then, an SD model is proposed and calibrated by field data from humanitarian organizations. The result of CBI amount sensitivity and payment time periods shows that CBIs are significantly more effective in diminishing child labor rates and to improve in health and accommodation service reception by the refugees in short terms, but to be as much effective in longer terms, humanitarian organizations must be more directly contribute to service capacity-building activities that are strategies by the hosting governments and supported by the international bodies, such as EU and UN. Otherwise, long-term or enhanced CBI supports can only lead to accelerated service capacity saturation and thus put extra pressure on already strained services and cause tensions between hosting and refugee communities.

Funding

(ESRC) Innovating the Turkish supply chain for services in humanitarian aid : ES/P002439/1

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management

Publisher

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

03/03/2020

Publication date

2020-07-03

Copyright date

2020

ISSN

0018-9391

eISSN

1558-0040

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Ehsan Sabet. Deposit date: 6 July 2020

Licence

Exports