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Chronic depression symptoms and salivary NOx are associated with retinal vascular dysregulation: the SABPA study.

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posted on 15.03.2016, 10:52 by Leone Malan, Mark Hamer, Roland von Kanel, Markus P. Schlaich, Manja Reimann, Nancy Frasure-Smith, Wayne Smith, Gavin W. Lambert, Walthard Vilser, Brian H. Harvey, Faans Steyn, Nico T. Malan
Background Depression has been associated with impaired nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation and vascular dysregulation (VD). Whether depression and NO levels will disturb retinal hemodynamics is not clear. Objectives and methods Associations between the retinal vasculature, diastolic ocular perfusion pressure (DOPP) as measure of hypoperfusion, NO metabolites (NOx) and depression symptoms were assessed. Chronic VD risk markers [depression symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire/PHQ-9 ≥ 10) and 24h pulse pressure] were determined in a bi-ethnic cohort (n=313; 48.6 ± 9 years; 53.9% men). At 3 year follow-up, retinal vessel calibre and retinopathy signs were quantified from digital images. Salivary NOx, a novel approach, was obtained pre- and post-flicker light-induced provocation (FLIP). DOPP was defined as diastolic blood pressure minus intraocular pressure. Results Chronic VD risk was evident in Blacks opposed to acute risk in Whites (P<0.05). At follow-up, retinopathy (Blacks 60.4%/Whites 39.6%), lower pre-FLIP (µM) and higher post-FLIP NOx (%), arteriolar narrowing and wider venular calibre values were evident in Blacks compared to Whites, independent of confounders. A wider venular calibre, an index of stroke risk, was associated with chronic depression symptoms [cut point 248 MU: Area under the curve 0·61 (95% CI: 0·51, 0·72); 71% sensitivity; 55% specificity] as well as with hypoperfusion in the Blacks. In this group, arteriolar narrowing was associated with hypoperfusion; and attenuated arteriolar dilation with increased FLIP NOx responses (%). Conclusions Higher NOx increased arteriolar vasoconstriction, presumably impeded perfusion and facilitated VD. Chronic depression symptoms may trigger disturbed NOx and retinal hemodynamics in Blacks and thereby potentiate stroke risk

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  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry

Citation

MALAN, L. ...et al., 2016. Chronic depression symptoms and salivary NOx are associated with retinal vascular dysregulation: the SABPA study. Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry, 55-56, pp. 10-17.

Publisher

Elsevier / © The Authors

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NA (Not Applicable or Unknown)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2016

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Elsevier under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

ISSN

1089-8611

Language

en

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