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Current socio-economic measures, and not those measured during infancy, affects bone mass in poor urban South African children

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posted on 07.09.2010 by Shane A. Norris, Zoe A. Sheppard, Paula Griffiths, Noel Cameron, John M. Pettifor
Understanding the impact of socio-economic status (SES) on physical development in children is important, especially in developing countries where considerable inequalities persist. This is the first study to examine the association between SES on bone development at the whole body, femoral neck, and lumbar spine in black children living in Soweto and Johannesburg, South Africa. Linear regression models were used to study associations between SES during infancy and current SES, anthropometric, and DXA-derived bone mass in 9/10-yr-old children (n = 309). Findings suggest that current SES measures, rather than SES during infancy, are stronger predictors of current whole body bone area (BA) and whole body BMC after adjusting for body size, pubertal development, physical activity, habitual dietary calcium intake, and body composition. SES had no significant effect on either hip or spine bone mass. Caregiver's marital/cohabiting status (indicator of social support) and whether there was a television in the home (indicator of greater income) at age 9/10 yr were the most important socio-economic determinants of whole body BA and BMC. SES has a significant independent effect on whole body BMC through its impact on BA. This suggests that poverty alleviation policies in South Africa could have a positive effect on bone health.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Research Unit

  • Socio-economic status and child/adolescent health in Johannesburg-Soweto Study

Citation

NORRIS, S.A. ... et al, 2008. Current socio-economic measures, and not those measured during infancy, affects bone mass in poor urban South African children. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 23 (9), pp. 1409-1416.

Publisher

Wiley (© American Society for Bone and Mineral Research)

Version

SMUR (Submitted Manuscript Under Review)

Publication date

2008

ISSN

1523-4681

Language

en

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