Development of the Parental Modelling of Eating Behaviours Scale (PARM) - Links with food intake among children and their mothers.pdf (390.56 kB)

Development of the parental modelling of eating behaviours scale (PARM): links with food intake among children and their mothers

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journal contribution
posted on 21.12.2012, 12:06 by Zoe Palfreyman, Emma Haycraft, Caroline Meyer
This study aimed to develop a self-report questionnaire to explore parental modelling of eating behaviours and then to use the newly developed measure to investigate associations between parental modelling with healthy and unhealthy food intake in both mothers and their children. Mothers (n = 484) with a child aged between 18 months and 8 years completed the Parental Modelling of Eating Behaviours Scale (PARM), a new, self-report measure of modelling, as well as a food frequency questionnaire. Principal components analysis of the PARM identified 15 items grouped into three subscales: verbal modelling (modelling through verbal communication); unintentional modelling (UM) (children adopting eating behaviours that parents had not actively modelled); and behavioural consequences (children's eating behaviours directly associated with parental modelling). The PARM subscales were found to be differentially related to food intake. Maternally perceived consequences of behavioural modelling were related to increased fruit and vegetable intake in both mothers and children. UM was related to higher levels of savoury snack intake in both mothers and their children. This study has highlighted three distinct aspects of parental modelling of eating behaviours. The findings suggest that mothers may intentionally model healthy food intake while unintentionally acting as role models for their children's less healthy, snack food intake.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Maternal and Child Nutrition

Volume

10

Issue

4

Pages

617 - 629

Citation

PALFREYMAN, Z., HAYCRAFT, E. and MEYER, C., 2014. Development of the parental modelling of eating behaviours scale (PARM): links with food intake among children and their mothers. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 10 (4), pp. 617-629.

Publisher

Wiley

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Blackwell Publishing Ltd

Publication date

2012-08-20

Notes

This article was published in the journal, Maternal and Child Nutrition [© Blackwell] and the definitive version is available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-8709.2012.00438.x

ISSN

1740-8695

eISSN

1740-8709

Language

en

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