Craven and Potter - directives Disc Studs 2010.pdf (929.33 kB)

Directives: entitlement and contingency in action

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journal contribution
posted on 04.07.2014, 10:08 by Alexandra Craven, Jonathan Potter
This article is focused on the nature of directives. It draws on Curl and Drew’s (2008) analysis of entitlement and contingency in request types and applies this to a corpus of directives that occur in UK family mealtimes involving parents and young children (three–eight-year-olds). While requests are built as contingent to varying degrees on the recipient’s willingness or ability to comply, directives embody no orientation to the recipient’s ability or desire to perform the relevant activity. This lack of orientation to ability or desire may be what makes them recognizable as directives. When examining directives in sequence the contingencies were successively reduced or managed during the delivery of the directive, thereby treating contingencies as a resource of the speaker rather than of the recipient. In a sense the entitlement claimed is ‘to tell’ rather than ‘to ask’. In sequences involving multiple/repeated directives, non-compliance led to upgraded (more entitled and less contingent) directives. The difference in the entitlement claimed, the response options available and the trajectory of multiple requests/directives suggests that participants orient to requests and directives as different actions, rather than more or less forceful formulations of the same.

History

School

  • Social Sciences

Department

  • Communication, Media, Social and Policy Studies

Published in

DISCOURSE STUDIES

Volume

12

Issue

4

Pages

419 - 442 (24)

Citation

CRAVEN, A. and POTTER, J., 2010. Directives: entitlement and contingency in action. Discourse Studies, 12 (4), pp. 419 - 442.

Publisher

SAGE © The Author(s)

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publication date

2010

Notes

This article was published in the journal, Discourse Studies [SAGE © The Author(s)] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1461445610370126

ISSN

1461-4456

Language

en

Exports