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Effects of worked examples on step performance in solving complex problems

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journal contribution
posted on 31.03.2020, 13:30 by Ouhao Chen, Endah Retnowati, Slava Kalyuga
The instructional effect of worked examples has been investigated in many research studies. However, most of them evaluated the overall performance of the participants in solving post-intervention problems, rather than individual step performance in multi-step problems. The two experiments reported in this article investigated the relations between using worked examples and individual step performance in solving isomorphic problems. In Experiment 1, the effect of worked examples was found for overall performance for novice learners, whereas this effect was gradually reduced from Step 1 (the most difficult one) at which the effect was the strongest, to Step 3 (the easiest one) at which the effect was the weakest or even disappeared. In Experiment 2, relatively more knowledgeable participants learned the same sets of materials, and no effect of worked examples was found for either overall performance or individual step performance. Learner levels of expertise and levels of element interactivity were used to explain the results.

History

School

  • Science

Department

  • Mathematics Education Centre

Published in

Educational Psychology

Volume

39

Issue

2

Pages

188 - 202

Publisher

Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Publisher statement

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Educational Psychology on 13 October 2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/01443410.2018.1515891.

Acceptance date

22/08/2018

Publication date

2018-10-13

Copyright date

2018

ISSN

0144-3410

eISSN

1469-5820

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Ouhao Chen. Deposit date: 31 March 2020

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