Family influences on children's physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption.pdf (463.13 kB)

Family influences on children's physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption

Download (463.13 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 26.02.2018, 14:20 by Natalie Pearson, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, David Crawford, Stuart Biddle
Background: There is evidence of a clustering of healthy dietary patterns and physical activity among young people and also of unhealthy behaviours. The identification of influences on children's health behaviors, particularly clustered health behaviors, at the time at which they develop is imperative for the design of interventions. This study examines associations between parental modelling and support and children's physical activity (PA) and consumption of fruit and vegetables (FV), and combinations of these behaviours. Methods: In 2002/3 parents of 775 Australian children aged 10–12 years reported how frequently their child ate a variety of fruits and vegetables in the last week. Children wore accelerometers for eight days during waking hours. Parental modelling and parental support (financial and transport) were self-reported. Binary logistic and multinomial logistic regression analyses examined the likelihood of achieving ≥ 2 hours of PA per day (high PA) and of consuming ≥ 5 portions of FV per day (high FV) and combinations of these behaviors (e.g. high PA/low FV), according to parental modelling and support. Results: Items of parental modelling and support were differentially associated with child behaviours. For example, girls whose parents reported high PA modelling had higher odds of consuming ≥ 5 portions of FV/day (OR = 1.95, 95% CI = 1.32–2.87, p < 0.001). Boys whose parents reported high financial support for snacks/fast foods had higher odds of having 'high PA/low FV' (OR= 2.0, 95% CI = 1.1–3.7). Conclusion: Parental modelling of and support for physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption were differentially associated with these behaviours in children across behavioural domains and with combinations of these behaviours. Promoting parents' own healthy eating and physical activity behaviours as well encouraging parental modelling and support of these behaviours in their children may be important strategies to test in future research.

Funding

The Health Eating and Play study (HEAPs) was funded by the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation. NP is supported by a Research Studentship from Loughborough University.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

Volume

6

Issue

(34)

Pages

- ?

Citation

PEARSON, N. ...et al., 2009. Family influences on children's physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6:34.

Publisher

© the Authors. Published by BioMed Central

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Unported (CC BY 2.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Publication date

2009

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by BioMed Central under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

ISSN

1479-5868

Language

en

Licence

Exports

Logo branding

Keywords

Licence

Exports