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Fans, homophobia and masculinities in association football: Evidence of a more inclusive environment

journal contribution
posted on 12.04.2013 by Ellis Cashmore, Jamie Cleland
This article draws on 3,500 responses from fans and professionals involved in association football (soccer) to an anonymous online survey posted from June 2010 to October 2010 regarding their views towards gay footballers. The overall findings are that, contrary to assumptions of homophobia, there is evidence of rapidly decreasing homophobia within the culture of football fandom.The results advance inclusive masculinity theory with 93 per cent of fans of all ages stating that there is no place for homophobia within football. Fans blame agents and clubs for the lack of openness and challenge football’s governing organizations to oppose the culture of secrecy surrounding gay players and to provide a more inclusive environment to support players who want to come out.

History

School

  • Social Sciences

Department

  • Communication, Media, Social and Policy Studies

Citation

CASHMORE, E. and CLELAND, J., 2012. Fans, homophobia and masculinities in association football: Evidence of a more inclusive environment. British Journal of Sociology, 63 (2), pp. 370 - 387.

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell © London School of Economics and Political Science

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publication date

2012

Notes

Closed access. This article was published in the British Journal of Sociology [© London School of Economics and Political Science] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-4446.2012.01414.x

ISSN

0007-1315

eISSN

1468-4446

Language

en

Exports