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How ready are communities to implement actions to improve diets of adolescent girls and women in urban Ghana?

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journal contribution
posted on 02.07.2019 by Rebecca Pradeilles, Colette Marr, Amos Laar, Michelle Holdsworth, Francis Zotor, Akua Tandoh, Senam Klomegah, Nathaniel Coleman, Kristin Bash, Mark Green, Paula Griffiths
Background: Ghana has reached an advanced stage of nutrition transition, contributing to an increase in nutrition-related non-communicable diseases, particularly amongst urban women. Community involvement is an important factor in the success of efforts to promote healthy eating. The readiness of populations to accept a range of interventions needs to be understood before appropriate interventions can be implemented. Therefore, this study assessed how ready urban communities are to improve diets of women of reproductive age in Ghana. Methods: Using the Community Readiness Model (CRM), in-depth interviews were conducted with 24 key informants from various sectors in low income communities across two cities in Ghana: Accra and Ho. The CRM consists of 36 open questions addressing five readiness dimensions (community knowledge of efforts, leadership, community climate, knowledge of the issue and resources). Interviews were scored using the CRM protocol with a maximum of 9 points per dimension (from 1 = no awareness to 9 = high level of community ownership). Thematic analysis was undertaken to gain insights of community factors that could affect the implementation of interventions to improve diets. Results: The mean community readiness scores indicated that both communities were in the "vague awareness stage" (3.35 ± 0.54 (Accra) and 3.94 ± 0.41 (Ho)). CRM scores across the five dimensions ranged from 2.65-4.38/9, ranging from denial/resistance to pre-planning. In both communities, the mean readiness score for 'knowledge of the issue' was the highest of all dimensions (4.10 ± 1.61 (Accra); 4.38 ± 1.81 (Ho)), but was still only at the pre-planning phase. The lowest scores were found for community knowledge of efforts (denial/resistance; 2.65 ± 2.49 (Accra)) and resources (vague awareness; 3.35 ± 1.03 (Ho)). The lack of knowledge of the consequences of unhealthy diets, misconceptions of the issue partly from low education, as well as challenges faced from a lack of resources to initiate/sustain programmes explained the low readiness. Conclusions: Despite recognising that unhealthy diets are a public health issue in these urban Ghanaian communities, it is not seen as a priority. The low community readiness ratings highlight the need to increase awareness of the issue prior to intervening to improve diets.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

BMC Public Health

Volume

19

Issue

1

Citation

PRADEILLES, R ... et al, 2019. How ready are communities to implement actions to improve diets of adolescent girls and women in urban Ghana? BMC Public Health, 19, article 646

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BMC (© The Authors)

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VoR (Version of Record)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

15/05/2019

Publication date

2019-05-28

Copyright date

2019

Notes

This article was published by BMC under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

eISSN

1471-2458

Language

en

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