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Individual, behavioural and home environmental factors associated with eating behaviours in young adolescents

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posted on 31.01.2017 by Natalie Pearson, Paula Griffiths, Stuart J.H. Biddle, Julie P. Johnston, Emma Haycraft
This study aimed to examine individual, behavioural and home environmental factors associated with frequency of consumption of fruit, vegetables and energy-dense snacks among adolescents. Adolescents aged 11-12 years (n=521, 48% boys) completed a paper-based questionnaire during class-time which included a Food Frequency Questionnaire assessing their consumption of fruit, vegetables, and energy-dense (ED) snacks, and items assessing habits, self-efficacy, eating at the television (TV), eating with parents, parenting practices, and home availability and accessibility of foods. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that eating fruit and vegetables while watching TV and home availability and accessibility of fruit and vegetables were positively associated with frequency of fruit consumption and vegetable consumption, while home accessibility of ED snack foods was negatively associated with frequency of fruit consumption. Habit for eating ED snack foods in front the TV, eating ED snack foods while watching TV, and home availability of ED snacks were positively associated with frequency of ED snack consumption. This study has highlighted the importance of a healthy home environment for promoting fruit and vegetable intake in early adolescents and also suggests that, if snacking while TV viewing occurs, this could be a good opportunity for promoting fruit and vegetable intake. These findings are likely to be useful for supporting the development of multi-faceted interventions and aid us in knowing what advice to give to parents to help them to help their young adolescents to develop and maintain healthy eating habits.

Funding

Open Access funded by British Heart Foundation.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Appetite

Citation

PEARSON, N. ... et al, 2017. Individual, behavioural and home environmental factors associated with eating behaviours in young adolescents. Appetite, 112, pp.35–43

Publisher

Elsevier (© The authors)

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/

Acceptance date

03/01/2017

Publication date

2017

Notes

Published by Elsevier Ltd as an Open Access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

ISSN

1095-8304

Language

en

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