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Investigating the role of parent and child characteristics in healthy eating intervention outcomes

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journal contribution
posted on 17.06.2016 by Clare Holley, Claire V. Farrow, Emma Haycraft
While numerous studies have investigated the efficacy of interventions at increasing children’s vegetable consumption, little research has examined the effect of individual characteristics on intervention outcomes. In previous research, interventions consisting of modelling and rewards have been shown to increase children’s vegetable intake, but differences were identified in terms of how much children respond to such interventions. With this in mind, the current study investigated the role of parental feeding practices, child temperament, and child eating behaviours as predictors of intervention success. Parents (N=90) of children aged 2-4 years were recruited from toddler groups across Leicestershire, UK. Parents completed measures of feeding practices, child eating behaviours and child temperament, before participating in one of four conditions of a home-based, parent led 14 day intervention aimed at increasing their child’s consumption of a disliked vegetable. Correlations and logistic regressions were performed to investigate the role of these factors in predicting intervention success. Parental feeding practices were not significantly associated with intervention success. However, child sociability and food fussiness significantly predicted intervention success, producing a regression model which could predict intervention success in 61% of cases. These findings suggest that future interventions could benefit from being tailored according to child temperament. Furthermore, interventions for children high in food fussiness may be better targeted at reducing fussiness in addition to increasing vegetable consumption.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Appetite

Volume

105

Pages

291 - 297

Citation

HOLLEY, C.E., FARROW, C.V. and HAYCRAFT, E., 2016. Investigating the role of parent and child characteristics in healthy eating intervention outcomes. Appetite, 105, pp. 291-297.

Publisher

© Elsevier

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date

31/05/2016

Publication date

2016

Notes

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Appetite and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.05.038

ISSN

1095-8304

Language

en

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