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Investigation of the soot formation in ethylene laminar diffusion flames when diluted with helium or supplemented by hydrogen

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posted on 18.01.2016 by Huayong Zhao, Richard Stone, Ben Williams
A new optical diagnostic technique has been used to measure the spatially distributed temperatures, soot diameters, and soot volume fractions in several different ethylene laminar diffusion flames to investigate the effect of adding hydrogen and helium on the soot formation. The test results show that adding hydrogen increases the flame temperature in all regions, while adding helium does not significantly affect the flame temperature in the reaction region but does increase the flame temperature elsewhere. The flame heights when adding helium and hydrogen can be calculated using the correlation introduced by Roper if the ethylene diffusion coefficient is used. This indicates that the flame height is determined by the diffusion of ethylene molecules when the hydrogen fraction is below 20%. It was also found that either adding helium or hydrogen does not significantly affect the soot diameter but does reduce the soot volume fraction. A total of 20% of helium addition by volume was measured to reduce the total soot number by 19%, while a total of 20% of hydrogen addition reduced the total soot number by 23%. In comparison, replacing the hydrocarbon with hydrogen is much more effective in reducing soot formation. Replacement of 25% ethylene by hydrogen was measured to reduce the total soot number by 66%. Apart from demonstrating the influence of hydrogen and helium on ethylene diffusion flames, these measurements provide additional data for modelers of diffusion flames, especially those with an interest in the formation of particulate matter. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

Energy and Fuels

Volume

28

Issue

3

Pages

2144 - 2151

Citation

ZHAO, H., STONE, R. and WILLIAMS, B., 2014. Investigation of the soot formation in ethylene laminar diffusion flames when diluted with helium or supplemented by hydrogen. Energy and Fuels, 28(3), pp. 2144-2151.

Publisher

© American Chemical Society

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2014

Notes

This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Energy and Fuels, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef401970q

ISSN

0887-0624

eISSN

1520-5029

Language

en

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