APCJ MS 16-7-108_revised_manuscript.pdf (167.49 kB)

Looking bad: inferring criminality after 100 milliseconds

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posted on 20.12.2016 by Thimna Klatt, Matthew Phelps, John Maltby, Harriet L. Smailes, Hannah L. Ryder, Joyce E. Humphries, Heather Flowe
Research finds we make spontaneous trait inferences from facial appearance, even after brief exposures to a face (i.e., less than or equal to 100 ms). We examined spontaneous impressions of criminality from facial appearance, testing whether these impressions persist after repeated presentation (i.e., one to three exposures) and increased exposure duration (100, 500, or 1,000 ms) to the face. Judgement confidence and response times were recorded. Other participants viewed the faces for an unlimited period of time, rating trustworthiness, dominance and criminal appearance. We found evidence that participants spontaneously make criminal appearance attributions. These inferences persisted with repeated presentation and increased exposure duration, were related to trustworthiness and dominance ratings, and were made with high confidence. Implications are discussed.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice

Citation

KLATT, T. ... et al, Looking bad: inferring criminality after 100 milliseconds. Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice, 12 (2), pp.114-125

Publisher

© Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date

07/11/2016

Publication date

2016

Notes

This definitive published version of this paper is available online at: http://www.apcj.org/journal/index.php?mode=view&item=118

ISSN

1550-3550

eISSN

1550-4409

Language

en

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