Mathematical consistency and long-term behaviour of a dynamical system with a self-organising vector field

2020-02-18T11:25:06Z (GMT) by Natalia Janson Peter E Kloeden
A dynamical system with a plastic self-organising velocity vector field was introduced in [Janson & Marsden 2017] as a mathematical prototype of new explainable intelligent systems. Although inspired by the brain plasticity, it does not model or explain any specific brain mechanisms or processes, but instead expresses a hypothesised principle possibly implemented by the brain. The hypothesis states that, by means of its plastic architecture, the brain creates a plastic self-organising velocity vector field, which embodies self-organising rules governing neural activity and through that the behaviour of the whole body. The model is represented by a two-tier dynamical system, in which the observable behaviour obeys a velocity field, which is itself controlled by another dynamical system. Contrary to standard brain models, in the new model the sensory input affects the velocity field directly, rather than indirectly via neural activity. However, this model was postulated without sufficient explication or theoretical proof of its mathematical consistency. Here we provide a more rigorous mathematical formulation of this problem, make several simplifying assumptions about the form of the model and of the applied stimulus, and perform its mathematical analysis. Namely, we explore the existence, uniqueness, continuity and smoothness of both the plastic velocity vector field controlling the observable behaviour of the system, and the of the behaviour itself. We also analyse the existence of pullback attractors and of forward limit sets in such a non-autonomous system of a special form. Our results verify the consistency of the problem and pave the way to constructing more models with specific pre-defined cognitive functions.