Mechanism of basal-plane antiferromagnetism in the spin-orbit driven iridate Ba2IrO4
journal contributionposted on 08.08.2018 by Vamshi M. Katukuri, Viktor Yushankhai, Liudmila Siurakshina, Jeroen van den Brink, Liviu Hozoi, Ioannis Rousochatzakis
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By ab initio many-body quantum chemistry calculations, we determine the strength of the symmetric anisotropy in the 5d5j ≈ 1/2 layered material Ba2IrO4. While the calculated anisotropic couplings come out in the range of a few meV, orders of magnitude stronger than in analogous 3d transition-metal compounds, the Heisenberg superexchange still defines the largest energy scale. The ab initio results reveal that individual layers of Ba2IrO4provide a close realization of the quantum spin-1/2 Heisenberg-compass model on the square lattice. We show that the experimentally observed basal-plane antiferromagnetism can be accounted for by including additional interlayer interactions and the associated order-by-disorder quantum-mechanical effects, in analogy to undoped layered cuprates.