Takarangi Smith Strange Flowe_CPX-14-0133.R3HF.pdf (173.11 kB)

Metacognitive and metamemory beliefs in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder

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journal contribution
posted on 20.12.2016, 14:50 by Melanie K. Takarangi, Rashelle A. Smith, Deryn Strange, Heather Flowe
Can metacognition increase trauma sufferers’ risk for developing and maintaining posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)? We assessed the role of a range of cognitive and metacognitive belief domains—including metamemory—on PTSD symptoms. Adult participants reported their existing meta/cognitions and lifetime exposure to trauma, then 12 weeks later, they reported meta/cognitions and PTSD symptoms in relation to new trauma exposure since the initial assessment. Participants with more PTSD symptoms held more problematic metacognitions than participants with fewer distress symptoms. Moreover, people who endorsed maladaptive metacognitions before trauma exposure were more likely to experience symptoms of PTSD after exposure. Metacognition predicted the maintenance of elevated PTSD symptoms over the 12-week delay. Our findings support the metacognitive model of PTSD and highlight the importance of metamemory, an understudied factor in PTSD research.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Clinical Psychological Science

Volume

5

Issue

1

Pages

131-140

Citation

TAKARANGI, M.K.T. ... et al, 2016. Metacognitive and metamemory beliefs in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder. Clinical Psychological Science, 5 (1), pp. 131-140.

Publisher

Association for Psychological Science / Sage

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© The Author(s)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date

14/04/2016

Publication date

2016-09-30

Copyright date

2016

ISSN

2167-7026

eISSN

2167-7034

Language

en

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Keywords

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