Modelling the effects of combustion and turbulence on near-wall temperature gradients in the cylinders of spark ignition engines
journal contributionposted on 21.12.2009 by R.J. Jenkin, E.H. James, Weeratunge Malalasekera
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An existing quasi-dimensional engine cycle model has been modified to enable accurate prediction of the near-wall temperature field in the burned and unburned gases. This has been achieved by dividing the cylinder into a number of discrete masses, each of which has a unique state. These discrete masses are assumed to remain stacked in layers adjacent to the cylinder walls in both the unburned gas and in the discrete segments generated during the sequential burning process. A k-ϵ turbulence model has been incorporated into the engine cycle simulation, providing information on the nature of the instantaneous in-cylinder turbulence for input to a fractal flame model to depict the flame propagation process. When this approach is applied to the prediction of the flame propagation rate, excellent comparison is afforded between simulated and measured pressure-crank angle diagrams. Further validation is provided by comparison of near-wall temperature predictions with measured ones and the essential features of the observed boundary layer behaviour are reproduced.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering