Modelling the foetus for pregnant occupant safety
journal contributionposted on 20.06.2014 by Serpil Acar, David W. van Lopik
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Annual foetus mortality rates due to road traffic accidents are much higher than the infant mortality rates in motor vehicle crashes. The goal of this study is to generate a computational model of the unborn occupant (foetus) for crash protection research. The multibody foetus model is accommodated in the finite element uterus model of 'Expecting', the computational pregnant occupant model which tackles the complexity of a pregnant women's anatomy and incorporates pregnant female anthropometry. In particular, 38 weeks gestation level is focused upon since at this stage of pregnancy the foetus is at greatest risk during a crash due to the size increase of the abdomen resulting in a close proximity to the vehicle steering wheel and awkward routing of the seatbelt. This article explains in detail all stages of modelling the unborn occupant and the links to its environment, the uterus with a placenta and the computational female model.