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Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity with accelerometry is associated with visceral adipose tissue in adults

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posted on 17.11.2015 by Joanne M. Murabito, Alison Pedley, Joseph M. Massaro, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Dale Esliger, Susan J. Blease, Udo Hoffman, Caroline S. Fox
Background We examined the relation between objectively measured physical activity with accelerometry and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in a community‐based sample. Methods and Results We evaluated 1249 participants of the Framingham Third Generation and Omni II cohorts (mean age 51.7 years, 47% women) who underwent assessment of moderate‐to‐vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with accelerometry over 5 to 7 days, and multi‐detector computed tomography for measurement of SAT and VAT volume; fat attenuation was estimated by SAT and VAT hounsfield units (HU). In women, higher levels of MVPA were associated with decreased SAT (P<0.0001) and VAT volume (P<0.0001). The average decrement in VAT per 30 minute/day increase in MVPA was −453 cm3 (95% CI −574, −331). The association was attenuated but persisted upon adjustment for BMI (−122 cm3, P=0.002). Higher levels of MVPA were associated with higher SAT HU (all P≤0.01), a marker of fat quality, even after adjustment for SAT volume. Similar findings were observed in men but the magnitude of the association was less. Sedentary time was not associated with SAT or VAT volume or quality in men or women. Conclusions MVPA was associated with less VAT and SAT and better fat quality.

Funding

The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute’s Framingham Heart Study is supported by contract N01-HC-25195. The accelerometry study was supported by R01AG047645.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION

Volume

4

Issue

3

Pages

? - ? (8)

Citation

MURABITO, J.M. ... et al, 2015. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity with accelerometry is associated with visceral adipose tissue in adults. Journal of the American Heart Association, 4 (3), e001379.

Publisher

Wiley Blackwell on behalf of of the American Heart Association / © The Authors

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

Publication date

2015

Notes

This is an Open Access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

ISSN

2047-9980

Language

en

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