File(s) under permanent embargo

Reason: This item is currently closed access.

Monitoring changes in thioredoxin and over-oxidised peroxiredoxin in response to exercise in humans

journal contribution
posted on 01.05.2018, 15:56 by Alex Wadley, Yu-Wen Chen, S.J. Bennett, Gregory Y. Lip, James E. Turner, James P. Fisher, Sarah Aldred
Introduction. Peroxiredoxin (PRDX) and thioredoxin (TRX) are antioxidant proteins that control cellular signalling and redox balance, although their response to exercise is unknown. This study aimed to assess key aspects of the PRDX–TRX redox cycle in response to three different modes of exercise. Methods. Healthy males (n = 10, mean ± SD: 22 ± 3 yrs) undertook three exercise trials on separate days: two steady-state cycling trials at moderate (60% O2MAX; 27 min, MOD) and high (80% O2MAX; 20 min, HIGH) intensities, and a low-volume high-intensity interval training trial (10 × 1 min 90% O2MAX, LV-HIIT). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were assessed for TRX-1 and over-oxidised PRDX (isoforms I–IV) protein expression before, during, and 30 min following exercise (post + 30). The activities of TRX reductase (TRX-R) and the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 subunit were also assessed. Results. TRX-1 increased during exercise in all trials (MOD, + 84.5%; HIGH, + 64.1%; LV-HIIT, + 205.7%; p < 05), whereas over-oxidised PRDX increased during HIGH only (MOD, − 28.7%; HIGH, + 202.9%; LV-HIIT, − 22.7%; p < .05). TRX-R and NF-κB p65 activity increased during exercise in all trials, with the greatest response in TRX-R activity seen in HIGH (p < 0.05). Discussion. All trials stimulated a transient increase in TRX-1 protein expression during exercise. Only HIGH induced a transient over-oxidation of PRDX, alongside the greatest change in TRX-R activity. Future studies are needed to clarify the significance of heightened peroxide exposure during continuous high-intensity exercise and the mechanisms of PRDX-regulatory control.

Funding

University of Birmingham UK.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Free Radical Research

Volume

49

Issue

3

Pages

290 - 298

Citation

WADLEY, A.J. ... et al, 2015. Monitoring changes in thioredoxin and over-oxidised peroxiredoxin in response to exercise in humans. Free Radical Research, 49 (3), pp.290-298.

Publisher

© Informa UK, Ltd.

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2015

Notes

This paper is closed access.

ISSN

1071-5762

eISSN

1029-2470

Language

en

Exports

Logo branding

Exports