MULTI_CULTURAL STUDY Relationships and Well-being_R3_PSE_final.pdf (241.93 kB)

Motivational processes in the coach-athlete relationship: a multi-cultural self-determination approach

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posted on 21.09.2017, 09:53 by Sophia Jowett, James W. Adie, Kimberley J. Bartholomew, Sophie Xin Yang, Henrik Gustafsson, Alicia Lopez-Jimenez
Objective Grounded in self-determination theory, the present study examined the cultural invariance of a model that hypothesized sport performers' well-being will be predicted by both their perceptions of motivation and the quality of the relationship held with their coach. Method Participants (N = 756), originating from five countries (British, Chinese, Greek, Spanish, and Swedish), completed a questionnaire that measured perceived coach-athlete relationship quality, basic psychological need satisfaction, self-determined motivation, and well-being. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to analyze the data. Results Analysis revealed that athletes who perceived a high quality relationship experienced heightened levels of basic need satisfaction. Need satisfaction positively predicted self-determined motivation, which, in turn, linked to enhanced well-being. Moreover, mediation analyses supported the explanatory roles of need satisfaction and self-determined motivation within the model. Lastly, multi-sample SEM invariance testing revealed the model to be largely invariant across cultures. Conclusions The results support the universal application of self-determination theory and the central role interpersonal relationships play in promoting well-being.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Psychology of Sport and Exercise

Volume

32

Pages

143 - 152

Citation

JOWETT, S. ... et al, 2017. Motivational processes in the coach-athlete relationship: a multi-cultural self-determination approach. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 32, pp.143-152.

Publisher

© Elsevier

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date

16/06/2017

Publication date

2017-06-17

Notes

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Psychology of Sport and Exercise and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.06.004

ISSN

1469-0292

Language

en

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