On the effect of DLC and WCC coatings on the efficiency of manual transmission gear pairs
An experimentally validated tribo-dynamic model has been developed to predict the gear teeth frictional losses considering the properties of the diamond-like-carbon (DLC)-coated and tungsten carbide carbon (WCC)-coated surface. The operating conditions used are snapshots of the Real Driving Emissions (RDE) driving cycle. The results demonstrate that the use of these coatings can improve the frictional losses up to 50%. The gear teeth boundary friction model is enriched by experimentally measured coefficients of the surface asperity boundary shear strength using an atomic force microscope (AFM). The computationally efficient model enables the efficiency prediction in a complete transmission. Such an approach, considering the contact mechanics of coated gear and their effect on the viscous and boundary friction, has not been hitherto reported.
Ford Motor Company
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering