2006_GJI_03250_VolcSpaceTime.pdf (2.42 MB)
0/0

Pacific seamount volcanism in space and time

Download (2.42 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 30.08.2013 by John Hillier
Seamounts constitute some of the most direct evidence about intraplate volcanism. As such, when seamounts formed and into which tectonic setting they erupted (i.e. on-ridge or off-ridge) are a useful reflection of how the properties of the lithosphere interact with magma generation in the fluid mantle beneath. Proportionately few seamounts are radiometrically dated however, and these tend to be recently active. In order to more representatively sample and better understand Pacific seamount volcanism this paper estimates the eruption ages (tvolc) of 2706 volcanoes via automated estimates of lithospheric strength. Lithospheric strength (GTRrel) is deduced from the ratio of gravity to topography above the summits of volcanoes, and is shown to correlate with seafloor age at the time of volcanic loading (Δt) at 61 sites where radiometric constraints upon Δt exist. A trend of fits data for these 61, and with seafloor age (tsf) known, can date the 2706 volcanoes; tvolc = tsf−Δt. Widespread recurrences of volcanism proximal to older features (e.g. the Cook-Austral alignment in French Polynesia) suggest that the lithosphere exerts a significant element of control upon the location of volcanism, and that magmatic throughput leaves the lithosphere more susceptible to the passage of future melts. Observations also prompt speculation that: the Tavara seamounts share morphological characteristics and isostatic compensation state with the Musicians, and probably formed similarly; the Easter Island chain may be a modern analogy to the Cross-Lines; a Musicians – South Hawaiian seamounts alignment may be deflecting the Hawaiian hotspot trace.

History

School

  • Social Sciences

Department

  • Geography and Environment

Citation

HILLIER, J.K., 2007. Pacific seamount volcanism in space and time. Geophysical Journal International, 168 (2), pp. 877 - 889.

Publisher

© The Author Journal compilation © RAS

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publication date

2007

Notes

This article was published in the journal, Geophysical Journal International [© The Authors Journal compilation © RAS].

ISSN

0956-540X

Language

en

Exports

Logo branding

Exports