Preterm birth and adolescent bone mineral content
journal contributionposted on 26.09.2016, 12:04 by Marta C. Erlandson, Lauren Sherar, Adam D.G. Baxter-Jones, Stefan A. Jackowski, Heidi Ludwig-Auser, Chris Arnold, Koravangattu Sankaran
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of preterm low birth weight on bone mineral content in adolescence. In 2007 to 2008, data on adolescents were obtained for study, including 16 females and 25 males who were born preterm (37 weeks' gestation) between October 1, 1989, and December 31, 1995, with a birth weight of less than 1850 g. Preterm low-birth-weight individuals were age- and sex-matched to full-term (>37 weeks) normal-birth-weight (>2500 g) controls. Total body, hip, and spine bone mineral content (BMC) was assessed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Male preterm individuals had less BMC at the proximal femur in adolescence compared with controls (p < 0.05). However, once adjusted for age, maturity, height, weight, physical activity, and diet, there were no differences between groups (p < 0.05) in any bone parameters. These findings suggest that preterm birth and low birth weight did not influence bone accrual in these individuals at adolescence.
The authors wish to acknowledge the Royal University Hospital Foundation for providing funding for this project. PBMAS was in part funded by the Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR) and the Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation (SHRF).
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