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Psychological resilience in sport performers: a review of stressors and protective factors

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journal contribution
posted on 06.10.2016 by Mustafa Sarkar, David Fletcher
Psychological resilience is important in sport because athletes must utilise and optimise a range of mental qualities to withstand the pressures that they experience. In this article, we discuss psychological resilience in sport performers via a review of the stressors athletes encounter and the protective factors that help them withstand these demands. It is hoped that synthesising what is known in these areas will help researchers gain a deeper profundity of resilience in sport, and also provide a rigorous and robust foundation for the development of a sport-specific measure of resilience. With these points in mind, we divided the narrative into two main sections. In the first section, we review the different types of stressors encountered by sport performers under three main categories: competitive, organisational and personal. Based on our recent research examining psychological resilience in Olympics champions, in the second section we discuss the five main families of psychological factors (viz. positive personality, motivation, confidence, focus, perceived social support) that protect the best athletes from the potential negative effect of stressors. It is anticipated that this review will help sport psychology researchers examine the interplay between stressors and protective factors, which will, in turn, focus the analytical lens on the processes underlying psychological resilience in athletes.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Journal of Sports Sciences

Volume

32

Issue

15

Pages

1419 - 1434

Citation

SARKAR, M. and FLETCHER, D., 2014. Psychological resilience in sport performers: a review of stressors and protective factors. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32 (15), pp.1419-1434.

Publisher

© Taylor & Francis

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2014

Notes

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 09/04/2014, available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.901551.

ISSN

0264-0414

eISSN

1466-447X

Language

en

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